Different Types of Forklifts And Their Uses

If you work in a warehouse or at a business where you use a forklift regularly, you might know that there are different types of forklifts out there. However, you might only use one kind for your type of job. There are several different types of forklifts that are each used for specific material handling needs. We’ve compiled a list of the most common types of forklifts and what they’re used for if you want to learn more about what you’re working with.

Reach Trucks

Reach trucks are efficient and safe for hard to reach places. They’re made for maneuvering narrow aisles in a warehouse and stacking pallets in a rack. The forks can “reach” to higher shelves and product that’s stored deeper into shelves. These types of forklifts are great for reaching older product in the back of shelves and maintaining weight capacity at a certain height.

Order Pickers

Order pickers come in both low and high level depending on where your product is located. These types of forklifts are perfect for narrow aisles and smaller products. The driver will typically stand on a platform, pick products from the shelf by hand, and store on the order pickers platform. These machines are also used when you need to move quickly and pick a lot of product at once. For example, the Jungheinrich EKS 110 order picker has an efficient design to turn tight corners and external controls for faster picking.

Pallet Jacks

Pallet jacks or pump trucks are the simplest forklifts and are handled manually. There are also powered pallet trucks. The manual pallet jacks are a bit old fashioned and require more physical exertion from the operator to lift products. These are most likely used for moving heavier loads for shorter distances or unloading product in pallets from trucks. The powered pallet jacks are designed like manual pallet jacks but are powered for heavier loads and are usually used for loading and unloading material.

Lift trucks

A lift truck is one of the most commonly used and recognized forklifts in warehouse situations. It’s used to lift and move materials for shorter distances, like a pallet truck. However, lift trucks can lift heavier and taller loads. You can also get a counterbalance model where the forks are in front of the truck and it can move right up to the product. Some industrial models can also be used in outdoor settings.

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